Different types of scars leave us unpleasant memories of injury or surgical procedure.
Each scar, regardless of the size and the place represents the aesthetic, cosmetic and psychological problem which are the most difficult to cope with.
We all heard of scars or have one but did you even know that we have different scar types?
Every scar has its features and specific treatment that you should know about to treat your scar in the right way.
All scars are the consequence of an injury that affect skin look. We could have an accident or surgery that damaged our skin and scars appeared. Scars can also occur due small injuries like acne.
Different Types of Scars and Scarring Tissue Repair
It is crucial to know your scar type before you start to heal it. Learn about each one and find the right treatment for you.
Keloid Scars and Hypertrophic Scarring
Keloid and hypertrophic scarring are the result of non-ideal wound healing. We know that they arise as a result of excessive production of extracellular matrix and dermal fibroblasts with high mitotic activity on wound healing.
Large scars are primarily aesthetic disturbance for the patient. Disturbances of function, pain and psychosocial problems associated especially with frequent recurrences due to unsuccessful treatment occur rarely.
The exact pathogenesis of the keloids formation is not known. The incidence is inherited; they are more often in Blacks, Hispanics and Asian.
Because of skin damage (wound, piercing, infections, surgical wounds, shave), they spontaneously occur in susceptible individuals to hyperproliferation of fibroblasts, which clinically manifest as keloid scars.
Hypertrophic scars are difficult to distinguish from keloids, especially in the development stage. In most cases the difference is only in the fact that this type of scar doesn’t spread beyond the boundaries of the scar in contrast to keloids scars.
The treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids is similar but the treatment of hypertrophic scars is less frequent as in keloids. Therefore, it is very important to correctly distinguish between hypertrophic scar and keloid, which is often difficult for the patient to recognize.
You can heal keloid scars, if we use next methods for scar treatment individually or in combination of:
- Laser treatment
- Cover with silicone pads
- Applying a mechanical pressure on the keloid
- Intralesionally corticosteroid injection
- Classical excision with a scalpel
- Intralesionally injection of interferon alpha
- Intralesionally injection (blockers of the calcium pump) verapamil
A rolling scar is a hypertrophical scar that looks like waves. They are wide and caused by subcutaneous scarring. The skin looks normal over them.
They occur after acne. Rolling scars can be improved by the use of hyaluronic acid or its own fat.
Contracture scars are the result of burns, maturation of scar tissue and shrinkage of collagen fibers.
Serious consequence of contractures can be reduced joint flexibility but it can goes deeper and also affect the muscles and nerves. These scars will mke your skin look damaged.
The massage reduces hypersensitivity of the contracture scars and softens it. Repeated mechanical pressure on tissue causes softer and more movable skin tissue.
Begin the massage with a light touch and then gradually increase up the pressure to the limit which you can tolerate.
We perform circular movements on the expiry of scars, often with the thumb and in combination with a cream that contains ingredients for moisturizing and softening scars. Massage should be performed several times a day or whenever the scars and the skin are dry (tightening skin).
Acne scars result from serious forms of acne. We distinguish between the varying intensity of the scars from minor holes to deep scars and corrugated relief of facial skin.
Acne scars differ in type and depth. Treatment of acne scars depends on type of these scars.
Ice Peak Scars
Acne cause scars typically in the form of an ice knife, so called ice pick scars. They are deep, narrow and extend vertically into the dermis and subcutaneous tissue.
When acne infection reaches the skin surface they destruct skin tissue and ice peak scars are born. They occur on areas where the acne tends to break out more often.
Ice peak scars are atrophic and may appear when you pick on the blackheads and whiteheads. Ice peak scars prevail on the cheeks.
Heal ice peak scars with scar product that will suite your skin and do it regularly for visible results.
Boxar scars occur after acne also, more specifically, after the severe acne breakout and inflammation. Inflammation destructs the collagen in the skin.
They are angular, atrophic scars that are wider than the ice peak scars. They may be shallow or deep. These types of scars have sharp vertical edges.
Boxar scars occur after acne so it is important to treat your scars with creams that heal acne. These products should disinfect, moisturize and nourish your damaged skin with ingredients that are suitable for this skin condition.
Stretch marks are one of different types of scars that are mostly experienced in women and people who dramatically loss or gain weight. It is also common in teenagers and pregnant women.
Stretch marks are visible lines on the top of our skin. They can occur in abdominal wall, upper arms, thighs, breast and buttocks.
You can treat your stretch marks with castor oil, aloe vera, egg whites, sugar, lemon juice and other home remedies.
As you see we have different scars and different scar treatments. Chose the best one for you.